Gun manufacturing industry on its last legs in strife torn Kashmir valley

Srinagar: Gunshots have been resonating in scenic Kashmir for more than a decade now. Amidst the violence, what once was a profitable business and provided livelihood for many, only a few gun manufacturing units have survived the turbulent times in the valley.

Having established a gun manufacturing factory in a land that is dotted with graveyards (Malkhah) where thousands of stone epitaphs mark the dead, Ghulam Mohammad Zaroo passed the art of making fine guns onto his family.

Nazir at work

Wearing thick glasses hammering a rock solid iron rod, Nazir Ahmad Zaroo, one of Ghulam’s sons, has been able to run this factory despite the turmoil around and keeping his inherited business going.

Zaroo gun factory is one of the oldest gun manufacturing units of Kashmir and is known for making 12 bore single barrel and double barrel guns.

“Our guns are one of the finest in the country. This factory was established during the Maharaja’s rule and was much sought after in those days,” says Nazir.

Located in the Rainawari area of Srinagar City known as Bandookh Khar Mohalla (meaning gunsmith locality) where most of the manufacturers were concentrated Zaroo’s gun factory is one of the few that has survived the valleys decade old turbulent times.

“Our’s was a profitable business during the Maharajas rule. Foreigners, who loved hunting, from different parts of the world would come to us. Times have changed. Today it is very difficult to run such a factory in such a land”, laments Nazir.

He says that 12 bore guns are mainly used by hunters; some are used by security agencies, including the police.

“The 12-bore guns, a distant throwback from the Kalashnikovs, were once best in their class and were proudly used by Maharajas,” he recalls.

Zaroo and Subhana gun factories are the only large factories left in Bandook Khar locality. Till 1960, Bandook Khar was a gun manufacturing hub.

“The guns that we produce here are country’s finest guns, as you can see these guns are rich in craftsmanship and finish. There is potential for employment but nobody is ready to work here”, sighs Nazir.

In early ninety’s, when militancy was in its infancy in the valley, the government ordered closing down the gun factories so as to ensure that weapons did not fall into the hands of militants.

Prior to 1947, the Kashmir gun factories were abuzz with activity, supplying thousands of intricately fashioned guns to the princes and elites of India.

“That was the golden period of Kashmir’s gun-making industry” Nazir recalls the happy times.

“After enforcing the ban for two years, it was revoked and the gun makers were allowed to resume work under strict supervision, he adds.

We are allowed to manufacture only a limited number of guns, with the quota decided by the Union Home Ministry” Nazir says.

The business is on the decline. From its heyday when there were 40 people employed, the count has gone down to 10 who work on manufacturing 200 guns annually that are allowed by the authorities.

With locals showing no interest in the craftsmanship, even of the 10 employed, 4 are from outside the state who have helped me to keep the business running, Nazir sums up.

Zubair Bhat writing for Hill Post is a Srinagar based freelance journalist

Photos by: Naureen Farooq

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  1. says: Hill Post

    Naveen Banga Gun Industry was booming when there was PEACE in the valley 🙂 And Citizens of J&K have no business with ‘sophisticated things’ from across the border. Militants do. It is important that we get our nomenclature right in such cases!

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