Anarchy is not the ‘alternative politics’ that aam aadmi asked for

“We the people are the rightful masters of both Government and the courts, not to overthrow the Constitution but to overthrow the men who pervert the Constitution” – Abraham Lincoln

As we move towards 26th of January to celebrate the birth of world’s biggest democratic republic, the irony hanging in the chilly winter air of Delhi is more than palpable. A little over five weeks ago, people cutting across demographic lines celebrated Aam Aadmi party’s magical win in the Delhi assembly. Well, not a win, but their showing was no less than that anyway.

For a distant spectator like me, it was like a renewed faith in constituted democracy, the ability of people to decide who represented them – in representative democracy. In the power people have to reject an incumbent based on how he governed. And, it took a little over three weeks for a distant spectator like me to see through the fluff.

Anarchy is not the 'alternative politics' aam aadmi asked for

‘India’s Arab Spring’, someone said to me and my mind flirted with this thought for a while.

 ‘Alternative Politics’ another mentioned and I liked it.

As humans we have a tendency to play with extreme, volatile and even explosive ideas in our mind, no matter how perverse, illegal or even illogical it seems to discuss them loudly. Most of the time we do it because we are unable to think of an alternative way of fixing something, handling a situation.

Tahrir Square | Arab Spring

Arab spring happened because people in Tunisia and Egypt ran out of options to improve their situation. That extreme, volatile and explosive reaction was what their minds must have toyed with for a very very long time.  I drew inferences with India, the situation seemed dire enough but not necessarily that dire. We still had a constitution, the power of ballot. We still had that one long forgotten alternative we hadn’t tried yet – good governance.

I am not sure when was the last time I heard or read about anarchy. It seemed like a concept which only belonged in the past centuries, in times when masses were ruled rather than governed, when fundamental rights were still some ultra futuristic concept. But, what Delhi witnessed since AAP formed the Govt with support from (till recently) their persona non grata the congress party, borders on being anarchic.

With little regard for established institutions and methods of governance and less still for the rule of law, AAP has taken ‘being different’ a little too far.

The form of direct democracy that they are championing finds little credibility anywhere else. For a nation that celebrates and prides over its ethnic and demographic diversity, a concept like direct participative democracy is somewhat counter-productive. Throw into the mix ground realities of a huge population, education levels and vested interests and a direct democratic practice looks like an idea for a large scale mess or if you may, anarchy. Like many of their decisions till now AAP seemed to have launched into direct democracy without properly understanding it. The framers of our constitution decided against such a system because they saw a danger in majorities forcing their will on minorities and also because for a country of 350 million people, it was impractical.

I admire AAP’s effort of connecting with the people through mohalla sabhas and junta darbars, but fiercely against mobile phone referendums on where the chief minister should live and whether FDI should be allowed. It all just smells of good PR with hints of political gimmickry and notes of indecision.

Without going into the nitty-gritty of what led to this latest dharna by the Delhi Chief Minister, it seems like that he has a tendency to succumb to those extreme and volatile thoughts in his head or in the heads of the illuminati which advises him.

He has demonstrated a penchant for the extreme and in the process he draws support from section of the society which have been clearly and repeatedly repressed by the rotten governance our country was subjected to.

Extremes solve the problems, I agree they do,  but they also comes with a lot of collateral damage.

Imagine a huge downtown building in a city, with a solid base but a leaking and falling roof and shattered windows. A good structural engineer would plan to reinforce the strong base and replace the old windows with new one and fix the roof. A bad engineer, especially one with too little time would just demolish the whole thing and build afresh. Both would work, but just that the extreme approach of demolition would come with a huge collateral damage, damaging buildings nearby and more importantly destroying the strong base the original building still had.

Now think of our country as that very building. There are many things which are in a bad shape here right now, but we too have a strong constitutional base, we have a constitution which gives us our identity and we have to protect it at any cost. The problems we have now could be fixed with careful and good governance, the lack of which actually led to them. We dont have to undermine our constitution for that. Not yet.

As a promise of a viable political alternative AAP attracted a lot of supporters, from people representing all walks of society to noted intelligentsia. The idea of AAP is tempting, and there are many takers. But their recent taste of electoral success has attracted another set of supporters, the opportunists.

From people pledging allegiance to Naxalites to luminaries supporting separatists in Kashmir, all count themselves within AAP now. I understand they are ‘aam aadmi’ too and free to support anyone but as a political party, no matter how unconventional AAP has to take a stand and that has to be more than just corruption free India, its has to be about India in the first place. We were never a nation until the British started ruling over the big swathe of land that we call home now, we are India only because our constitution makes us India. By threatening to disrupt Republic Day ceremonies and invite ‘lakhs of people to the dharna during the function’, Arvind Kejriwal has demonstrated a fearful preview of things to come. His disdain for anything orderly and governed by law was on display for everyone to see. Asking police to act without warrants, vigilante actions, lack of civility in public engagement are only a few pointers on how much his party upholds the law of the land and the constitution, the very things which empowered him to fight an election.

And, lastly what is with the black and white labeling of everything? Anyone who agrees with him is a saint and anyone who as much as tries to question him is a sinner, corrupt and colluding with either the BJP or Congress. Till recently, at least in civil society, acknowledging criticism and improvising were considered values. May be this was not part of the curriculum in direct democracy classes which Arvind and his team took.

Extremes are tempting and always a draw, they can win you elections and keep you on TV news channels day in and day out but they are no replacement for good old capable governance. Have you even tried it once Arvind? For a chief minister, its your failure as an administrator if you are not able to make the bureaucracy mend its ways and work. Arvind should know it, he was part of the same bureaucracy. My humble suggestion to him is to try that one alternative our country has not had the chance to be run with – Good Governance. Try it, may be it will fix the problems and if does not,  try the extreme, the explosion. But, please do not and I stress do not make people who support you blindly, take the law and the constitution of India for granted. That is sure to create a bigger problem than corruption ever will.

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  1. says: Zidharth Jha


    From Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Brimingham Jail”

    “You may well ask: “Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn’t negotiation a better path?” You are quite right in calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word “tension.” I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth. Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal, so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood. The purpose of our direct action program is to create a situation so crisis packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation.”

    1. says: Raj A Iype

      MLK held no position in the government when he wrote this. If he had, he would have tried something else. Sit-ins, marches, these are all tools for those without political power. Why don’t you consider the example of Nelson Mandela who, after being elected President, left political protests behind.

  2. says: Zidharth Jha


    More from Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”:

    “I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro’s great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen’s Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to “order” than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says: “I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I cannot agree with your methods of direct action”; who paternalistically believes he can set the timetable for another man’s freedom; who lives by a mythical concept of time and who constantly advises the Negro to wait for a “more convenient season.” Shallow understanding from people of good will is more frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will. Lukewarm acceptance is much more bewildering than outright rejection.”

  3. says: Dr. Kallol Guha

    Why no one concentrates or says a word on the issue that drug and sex ring operates openly in Khirki Extension and in many places of Delhi in front of police. Inaction of police against these criminality is the origin of Dharna and resulting conspiracy against AAP. Youth is being dragged into total degradation. Situation seems to be comparable to 19th century China when British used opium to destroy China and Chinese. Instead of taking a stand against cancerous growth of crime and criminals in position of power, everyone is capitalizing on whether this or that phrase was used or not years ago. Why nothing is focused on issues that really damages the society? Why? Why?

  4. says: Ravi Kumar

    What would you have in exchange for Kejriwal? The Congress with its innumerable scams, or the BJP which has religion as its fail-safe option to fall back on? or the Samajwadi Party or the BSP, which have traits of both the Congress and the BJP?

    Arvind Kejriwal has shaken the established politicians to the core with his way of politics. He has shown that it is not necessary for ministers to live in big bungalows; he has kept his promise of CAG audit of Delhi’s power companies.

    He does not have a magic wand. Now, if people would only give some him some time and then comment, instead of jumping on his back because of their unrealistic expectations…

  5. says: Nitin

    Democracy n constitution have a meaning when it is practiced efficiently or even decently. But what we have seen till now is just hypocracy from the politicians. All the scams and tantrums created so far need a larger introspection like this compared to what AAP has set out to do. Let’s say we are just used to the term democracy n a corrupt ruling when all we have done so far is to vote for the ‘less corrupt’ candidate. How about supporting a non-corrupt aam politician this time!

  6. says: varadan

    AAP is sincere and bold in handling situations. Because they have set a open and transparent method of handling , their small trivial lapses are magnified. Instead of addressing the crime and failure on the part of the police to check crime everyone is talking about law, the compliaNCE of the same is rarely followed by the same police. If they were true to comply with law the situation for a Law Minister to come to the street would not have happened. Let us identify the problem and treat the wrong doing.

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