New Delhi : A 152 million credit to Indiaâ€™s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh (UP), was approved by the World Bank Board of Executive Directors today to help build the institutional capacity needed to improve health outcomes in this low-income state which has some of the poorest health indicators in the country
With a population of approximately 200 million, UP will determine the achievement of Indiaâ€™s own health goals and its health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Despite recent improvements, UP continues to face overwhelming health challenges: More women die in childbirth here than in most parts of the country and fewer children survive infancy; only one-third of children are fully immunized by 12 months of age and; infectious diseases remain a major problem in the state.
The Uttar Pradesh Health Systems Strengthening Project seeks to help the Government of Uttar Pradesh (GOUP) strengthen the management and systems capacity of its state Health department in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare services to its people.
The GOUP has been steadily increasing its commitment to the health sector, and public health spending in the state now stands at 1.6 percent of the gross state domestic product, which is higher than the national average of about 1 percent.
The main challenge in UP is the need to endure that the full impact of these inputs is not undermined by inadequate institutional capacity and management systems of the stateâ€™s Health Department,â€ said Venu Rajamony, Joint Secretary Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
â€œThe proposed Project is expected to help the state government improve the efficiency, quality and accountability of its health services by strengthening the Health Departmentâ€™s management and systems capacity, its governance and accountability mechanisms, as well as its ability to engage effectively with the private sector.â€
The Project proposes to help the state government pilot mechanisms at the health facility and village levels to improve the responsiveness of service providers. It will seek to improve the flow of information to citizens from the health system, create simple feedback mechanisms, and publicize service response standards, so that people know what they can expect from the health service providers and can hold them accountable.
The Project, which focuses on institutional development will comprise of two main components. First, it will focus on strengthening the Department of Health’s management and accountability systems. In this context, the Project will improve, planning capacities, information flows and data inputs to enable policy-makers to better monitor and manage service delivery in UP.
Second, the project will help the state government improve the Department of Healthâ€™s capacity to perform its quality assurance role and engage more effectively with the private sector, which is already a significant player in the UP health system.
Other quality enhancement interventions supported by the Project include the development and implementation of regulatory functions such as transparent licensing, strengthening the accreditation program and quality enhancement in public sector hospitals in order to bring quality health services to its people, especially the poor.